Ministry of Agriculture and Food Security

Cash Crops

Coffee, tea and tobacco are important cash crops that grow well in areas of the Green Belt with abundant rainfall, moderate cool temperature and good soil drainage.


Beans are important crops of nutritional value that are grown under different climatic conditions. Currently, beans are grown in South Sudan under subsistence farming. The most important varieties cultivated locally include soybean, cowpeas, white beans and green beans. Potential for the crop exists in the areas of: The Green Belt of the three states of […]


Cotton is another oil seed cash crop that has a great potential. Its production was introduced into the country in the 1940s during the colonial period. Cotton is a labor intensive crop that grows well under: Moderate temperature. Well drained soil. The potential states for cotton investment included: Areas of the Green Belt in the […]

Palm oil

Palm oil is a high value product in the world, the supply of which is now dominated by Indonesia; The crop was introduced into the area in the 1940s, probably by Belgium colonial administrators from the Congo. The tree grows extremely well in the Green Belt of Central and Western Equatoria States.

Oil seed crops

Oilseed crops are set to play an important role in the South Sudanese economy because of their potential to open up employment opportunities, provide raw materials for industries and generate revenue and foreign currency for the country. Thus, the Government is particularly keen to attract investors to help revive the old oilseed plantations and mills […]


Wheat is a grain crop that requires cold temperature; as such, its production is not common in most parts in the country. South Sudan is currently a net wheat and wheat flour importer.   Some varieties of wheat crop have been tried in the past certain parts of the country, including: Renk County, Upper Nile state […]


Millet is a staple food crop cultivated in areas with low rainfall, particularly, the states of Warrap, and Northern, Western Bahr el Gazal, Unity and Northern part of Upper Nile. The crop grows well  in sandy and alluvial soil and moderate – temperature


Rice is a stable food crop that is produced in flood plain areas of South Sudan. Two varieties have demonstrated a success in the past, namely: Wet land rice (Paddy variety): This variety are successful under the climate of Northern Bahr el Gazal, Jonglei and Upper Nile states.  Upland rice: This variety grows well in […]


Sorghum is an important food stable crop cultivated in all states of South Sudan under subsistence rainfall. The crop is also cultivated under mechanized rain fed and irrigated system in the northern counties of Upper Nile state. Other states in the country started adapting mechanization in their stats since 2005. Sorghum grows well under the […]


Maize, which is the main food for a great number of South Sudan’s population, grows well in most part of the country, including: Three states of the Equatoria region. The eastern part of Upper Nile state along Ethopia border. The high lands of Jonglei State. Lakes state Unity State.